Fri. Aug 12th, 2022
Water Intoxication: What happens when your dog drinks too much water

All of us have heard the significance of retaining ourselves and our pets effectively hydrated, however do you know that they’ll drink an excessive amount of water? That’s proper, there’s a situation referred to as water intoxication, and it may be fairly harmful.

So, what precisely is water intoxication in canines and the way does it even occur? On this article, we are going to clarify this curious situation and how one can forestall it in your water-loving canine.

What Is Water Intoxication In Canine?

Water intoxication goes by a number of names reminiscent of hyponatremia (lack of sodium within the physique), water poisoning or hyperhydration.

The best way {that a} canine develops water intoxication is by ingesting a big amount of water that then results in the physique shedding important sodium, creating an imbalance. This sodium loss causes cells to swell with fluid. When this occurs, components of the physique which can be encased in bone, such because the mind, will even swell and trigger strain within the skull. This added strain may cause doubtlessly deadly points with the central nervous system.

The onset of this situation is fast and as a result of severity and potential for dying, it’s important that any suspicion ought to be adopted up together with your veterinarian immediately.

Eating ice is a strong reason for dogs to start on the route to water intoxication
Consuming ice is a powerful cause for canines to start out on the path to water intoxication

How Do Canine Develop Water Intoxication?

Typically, particularly in us people, water intoxication comes from ingesting an excessive amount of fluid after vigorous train or some kind of water ingesting competitors.

Comparitively, in canines, the prevalence occurs primarily with canines who’re:

  • Lively swimmers,
  • Divers
  • Water-retrievers
  • Allowed playtime with the hose or sprinkler
  • Allowed to eat ice

Did You Know?
A small or toy breed of canine shall be faster to develop water intoxication than a medium-sized or bigger breed of canine merely due to the dimensions and weight distinction.

The rationale that water intoxication is seen extra in our canine companions is that they don’t sweat, subsequently their our bodies need to work tougher to eradicate extra fluid.

What Are The Signs Of Water Intoxication In Canine?

In case your pet has been enjoying within the water and you start to note any of the next signs then contact your veterinarian immediately.

  • Bloating
  • Lethargy
  • Pale gums
  • Vomiting
  • Dilated pupils
  • Glazed eyes
  • Issue strolling/staggering
  • Out and in of consciousness

In additional extreme circumstances the place the extreme fluid has prompted swelling of the mind, neurological signs reminiscent of the next could be seen as effectively.

  • Issue respiration
  • Seizures
  • Coma
Playing with sprinklers or hoses for long periods of time can cause water intoxication
Enjoying with sprinklers or hoses for lengthy durations of time may cause water intoxication

Which Canine Are At A Better Danger Of Water Intoxication?

The excellent news is that there aren’t any specific breeds which can be extra vulnerable to water intoxication than others.

Nonetheless, canines that aren’t skilled swimmers or are being conditioned for water-retrieving or rescue workout routines could be put in conditions the place they are going to be in danger for ingesting an extreme quantity of water.

Some canines, such because the terrier breeds, can have a excessive vitality drive and spectacular ache tolerance which may result in them pushing by means of signs of discomfort, providing you with much less response time when the extra extreme points, reminiscent of issue strolling and respiration, lastly are observed.

Then, it’s good to know that canines who’ve a decrease focus of physique fats are additionally faster to develop water intoxication as a result of there may be much less tissue to soak up the extreme fluid consumption.

Different canines which can be bred for actions within the water, like Labradors, Newfoundlands and the Chesapeake Bay Retrievers, are much less more likely to develop water intoxication.

Whereas we’re not 100% sure of the explanation behind this, we are able to solely assume it is because of their inherent swimming talents and genetic conditioning through the years of coaching and breeding.

dog swimming in dock diving and retrieving dummy at risk of water intoxication
Dock diving is a superb canine sport for canines who love water, the concept is that they study to leap from a dock right into a pool of water and retrieve a dummy suspended above the water! This will undoubtedly expose your canine to water intoxication.

How Do You Deal with Water Intoxication In Canine?

Treating water intoxication could be profitable if the pet is introduced in whereas nonetheless having the delicate to average signs. The very first thing to do is to right the sodium imbalance inside the physique, and one of the simplest ways to perform that is by means of the administration of intravenous electrolytes. This should be executed with care, as overcorrection the sodium loss can result in different neurological problems.

Generally veterinarians will select to manage medicine, reminiscent of Mannitol, to assist relieve the strain on the mind and even diuretics, reminiscent of Lasix, to encourage the elimination of inner extra fluid.

As a result of the topic of water intoxication just isn’t generally mentioned or realized about in lots of veterinary applications, this situation could be simply misdiagnosed as trauma, overexertion and even hypothermia.

Water retrieving golden retriever going after some ducks in the pond
Water retrieving golden retriever going after some geese within the pond – this, while golden retrievers are typically much less vulnerable to water intoxication, it’s a good suggestion to control their water consumption.

How Can You Forestall Water Intoxication In Your Canine?

As at all times, prevention and schooling is vital!

Now that the signs and the methods with which water intoxication can occur, you might be already forward of the pack. Whether or not your canine has a pool or a sprinkler, listed here are a number of of the preventative strategies and issues to be careful for when your loved one companion is having some summer time enjoyable within the water.

1 – What’s your canine’s swimming fashion?

Does your canine splash quite a bit or maintain their mouth open barely when swimming? Do they wish to gobble the water when it comes out of the hose or sprinkler?

If that’s the case, then your canine is a kind of which can be at a larger threat of water intoxication and they need to be faraway from their splashing and play time for frequent relaxation breaks.

2 – Restrict their time within the water.

This touches on the very last thing that was talked about from #1. Frequent relaxation breaks are extraordinarily vital, particularly in case your canine is swimming or diving into the water to retrieve toys.

To assist fight the difficulty of them swallowing an excessive amount of water whereas dock diving or fetching a toy, you could find them a flat toy for his or her water excursions as they’re much less more likely to trigger your canine to swallow extreme quantities of water.

diving from a dock into the ocean can risk water intoxication or even salt poisoning for this golden retriever
diving from a dock into the ocean can threat water intoxication and even salt poisoning for this golden retriever

3 – At all times supervise your canine whereas enjoying with or within the water.

Take into consideration your canine like a small little one – you wouldn’t go away them unsupervised with water as harmful and life-threatening issues can occur. Even when they aren’t susceptible to drowning in a pool or different physique of water, canines with sprinklers and backyard hoses could not know when to cease ingesting.

4 – If that your canine has a ingesting downside.

Properly, I’m not speaking about that type of ingesting downside. However some doggos simply actually like water and can go to city on ingesting it if they’re left to their very own units. Canine like this could, on the whole, not be left with limitless entry to water, regardless of the state of affairs.

A great factor right here is the Whistle Swap – as a result of it really reveals you your canines ingesting price. Which is actually fascinating and it’s one thing that might provide you with a warning to underlying medical points, and/or in the event that they’re simply ingesting an excessive amount of in case you’re involved!

Actually, the medical monitoring that the whistle change gives is so fascinating!!

IMG 886A0DCD2E7D 1
A screenshot from Shelby’s Whistl change – you may see that she’s drank extra as we speak than she did yesterday, I do know that it’s because Shelby was ‘digging’ and that concerned consuming grime as we speak, so she acquired fairly thirsty consequently, so at all times give it some thought virtually.

5 – Have water accessible.

Yeah, I do know, that appears foolish, proper? Properly, belief me, it is going to assist. As soon as a canine turns into extraordinarily thirsty, they’re extra more likely to gorge and ingest an extreme quantity at one time, both leading to water intoxication or (greatest case state of affairs) they puke immediately.

If a canine has a small, drinkable water provide in a canine bowl, they’re extra more likely to drink that as they turn into somewhat thirsty right here and there, as a substitute of over-ingesting a lot later.

6 – Know your canine’s well being.

Generally canines can really feel very thirsty resulting from sure medical circumstances. As an example, endocrine problems like Cushing’s illness, and circumstances like diabetes and kidney failure may cause polydipsia. Which is basically only a fancy physician time period for elevated ingesting.

When you suspect that your canine is searching for out water to drink for a possible cause aside from being thirsty, then it might be sensible to name your veterinarian for an appointment and a few blood work.

drinking running water is great for cooling your dog down, but water intoxication is a thing you should look out for
ingesting working water is nice for cooling your canine down, however water intoxication is a factor it is best to look out for

7 – Restrict your canine’s Ice consumption

Ice is water, and sure! It has cooling properties, however because it thaws it may be simply as problematic. Attempt to not deal with ice cubes as treats, and customarily you’ll be fairly okay. As at all times, that is over ingestion. one or two right here or there shall be high-quality.

What About Contemporary Water Vs Salt Water?

That is significantly vital for house owners that frequent salt water seashores with their canine. When canines are swimming within the ocean, they’re susceptible to ingesting the tremendous salty water, which in extreme quantities can result in sodium poisoning, or hypernatremia (an excessive amount of sodium within the physique).

The signs of salt poisoning or hypernatremia in canines are:

  • Vomiting
  • Lethargy
  • Dehydration
  • Seizures or convulsions
  • Matches and muscle tremors
  • Confusion/disorientation
  • Uncontrolled bowel actions or diarrhea
  • Extreme thirst
  • Extreme urination

Like hyponatremia, aka water intoxication, the ingestion of an excessive amount of salt water may cause an equally harmful and detrimental impact in your canine’s physique and central nervous system, even leading to dying.

When you suspect that your canine has ingested an excessive amount of salt water, then contact your veterinarian immediately about getting them seen. Any of the above signs warrant an instantaneous veterinary go to!

As at all times: Name Your Vet!

When you don’t know what’s occurring? And also you’re undecided what the difficulty is? Name your vet!

Discover different options to maintain your canine cool

Water intoxication is one thing that many homeowners had no thought might even occur. This situation could be a really sneaky and life-threatening emergency, so staying well-informed and educated is the primary a part of stopping this from occurring to you and your loved one canine companion.

If you’re involved that your canine has ingested an excessive amount of water whereas having a enjoyable play session exterior within the yard, on the pool and even on the seashore, then please contact your veterinarian immediately as water intoxication is doubtlessly deadly if left untreated.

Writer, Ali Smith

Ali Smith is the Constructive Pet Skilled, canine coach and is the founding father of Rebarkable. She is obsessed with serving to pet mother and father get issues proper, proper from the beginning. To assist create a pet able to being a assured and adaptable member of the family and maintain puppies out of shelters.

Ali has gained a number of awards for her canine coaching, and has had her weblog (this weblog!) rated as 2021 & 2022 worlds’ greatest pet weblog!

By admin